Home Up List of Goals targets UN-FfD Aid & IFF

This web site is not being updated - use Jubilee Debt Campaign instead

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

Goals and Targets


Goal 1:   Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Target 1:   Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day

Proportion of population below $1 per day

Poverty gap ratio [incidence x depth of poverty]

Share of poorest quintile in national consumption

Target 2:   Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Prevalence of underweight children (under-five years of age)

Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption

Goal 2:   Achieve universal primary education

Target 3:   Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling

Net enrolment ratio in primary education

Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5

Literacy rate of 15-24 year olds

Goal 3:   Promote gender equality and empower women

Target 4:   Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005 and to all levels of education no later than 2015



Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

Ratio of literate females to males of 15-24 year olds

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament

Goal 4:   Reduce child mortality

Target 5:   Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015,  the under-five mortality rate

Under-five mortality rate

Infant mortality rate

Proportion of 1 year old children immunised against measles

Goal 5:   Improve maternal health

Target 6:   Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio

Maternal mortality ratio

Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel

Goal 6:   Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Target 7:   Have halted by 2015, and begun to reverse, the spread of HIV/AIDS

HIV prevalence among 15-24 year old pregnant women

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS

Target 8:   Have halted by 2015, and begun to reverse, the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria

Proportion of population in malaria risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures

Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis

Proportion of TB cases detected and cured under DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course)

Goal 7:   Ensure environmental sustainability

Target 9:   Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

Proportion of land area covered by forest

Land area protected to maintain biological diversity

GDP per unit of energy use (as proxy for energy efficiency)

Carbon dioxide emissions (per capita)

[Plus two figures of global atmospheric pollution: ozone depletion and the accumulation of global warming gases]

Target 10: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water

Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source

Target 11: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers

Proportion of people with access to improved sanitation

Proportion of people with access to secure tenure

[Urban/rural disaggregation of several of the above indicators may be relevant for monitoring improvement in the lives of slum dwellers]

Goal 8:   Develop a Global Partnership for Development*

Target 12: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system


           Includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally


Target 13: Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries


           Includes: tariff and quota free access for LDC exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for HIPC and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction


Target 14: Address the Special Needs of landlocked countries and small island developing states


                    (through Barbados Programme and 22nd General Assembly provisions)


Target 15:  Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term

Some of the indicators listed below will be monitored separately for the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked countries and small island developing states.

Official Development Assistance

Net ODA as percentage of DAC donors’ GNI [targets of 0.7% in total and 0.15% for LDCs]

Proportion of ODA to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)

Proportion of ODA that is untied

Proportion of ODA for environment in small island developing states

Proportion of ODA for transport sector in land-locked countries


Market Access

Proportion of exports (by value and excluding arms) admitted free of duties and quotas

Average tariffs and quotas on agricultural products and textiles and clothing

Domestic and export agricultural subsidies in OECD countries

Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity

Debt Sustainability

Proportion of official bilateral HIPC debt cancelled

Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services

Proportion of ODA provided as debt relief

Number of countries reaching HIPC decision and completion points

Target 16: In cooperation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth

Unemployment rate of 15-24 year olds

Target 17: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries

Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis   

Target 18: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

Telephone lines per 1000 people

Personal computers per 1000 people


Other Indicators TBD